Chrysanthemums are shiny unpretentious flowers that adorn autumn flower beds in a summer season means. Many root samples from bouquets, planted on the positioning and admire them till the primary frost. And, after all, everybody needs to protect chrysanthemums in winter, in order that subsequent summer season the bush will once more delight with flowers. There are a number of methods, the selection of which is dependent upon the range and the provision of circumstances for winter overexposure.
Zoned styles of chrysanthemums can survive the winter within the flowerbed, however there are people who have to be dug up. These are primarily compact present bushes or Indian specimens rooted in bouquets. When planting within the floor, dwarf chrysanthemum will develop, the bush will crumble, however flowering will proceed. When you depart this selection to winter on the road, it should freeze. Many Indian varieties additionally don’t tolerate chilly.
If there are not any appropriate rooms for winter overexposure of chrysanthemums, then it’s advisable to amass cold-resistant species. These embody:
- Purple Haze;
- Pink Moscow.
The flowers and leaves of those chrysanthemums are smaller, however they’re much less demanding on weather conditions, patiently tolerate winter chilly.
Many flower growers imagine that in areas with frosty winters, all chrysanthemums have to be dug up for the winter, no matter their chilly resistance. Such bushes in spring develop quicker, nearly don’t get sick and bloom lushly.
The insulated basement of a personal home permits you to resolve all the issues with preserving not solely greens and preparations, but additionally flower tubers and rhizomes.
Dig a chrysanthemum actually earlier than the primary frost. If a bit later – then it isn’t vital. Beforehand, all of the stems are minimize to 10 cm. It’s higher to go away extra lumps of earth. If the ground within the storage just isn’t earthen, then the dug rhizome is transferred to a field or different container stuffed with a mix of sand and peat (1: 1). Often, chrysanthemums are left below a cover till the frosts are secure, since indoors the rhizomes can begin to develop and start to lose power.
The optimum temperature for wintering chrysanthemums within the basement or cellar is from Zero to + 4 ° C, permissible from -1 to + 5 ° C. If the ground is earthen, then the rhizomes are laid immediately on it, becoming them tightly to one another. So they won’t be ethereal, and pure moisture is sufficient from the bottom.
If there isn’t a basement, then the next choices are appropriate:
- unheated nation home or storage;
- strong barn;
Don’t depart winter dug chrysanthemum at residence. The plant feels the onset of a dormant interval. With out the suitable daylight and lack of ultraviolet gentle on the windowsill, it withers and dies.
Rhizomes of chrysanthemums saved in nation homes, garages or loggias, it’s fascinating to cowl with breathable materials. If potential, the containers are barely moistened as soon as a month (that is particularly vital for spherical chrysanthemum). If there’s a shoot, then it have to be minimize.
The primary benefit of this technique of preserving chrysanthemums is that, in anticipation of spring, they will start to germinate. To do that, in early March, the rhizome is transferred to a shiny room with a temperature of about 15 ° C. As quickly because the sprouts start to look, they’re fastidiously separated and transplanted into separate containers.
Out of doors storage
If there isn’t a appropriate room, then chrysanthemums can prepare a secure wintering on the road. To do that, dig a trench 50 * 50 or 70 * 70 cm in measurement. Rhizomes are firmly laid on the underside (stalks up), voids are lined with peat or gentle soil.
As quickly because the freezing temperature is established, they start to shelter the chrysanthemums.
- The primary skinny layer ought to create quantity and supply air flow. Fragments of slate, gentle reinforcement, trimming corners will do. Branches are undesirable to keep away from the event of fungus on chrysanthemums.
- The second layer (roughly 0.5 m) is warming and absorbing. It may be dry leaves (with out scab and fungus) or chopped straw.
- The third layer protects the rhizomes of chrysanthemums from rain and warmth. A bit of a dense movie or roofing materials is appropriate. On the edges of the fabric is mounted.
In such grooves, chrysanthemums efficiently survive till spring. The draw back is the lack to manage the state of rhizomes.
Prudent summer season residents harvesting pure overlaying materials all through the season. This can be grass, mowed by a garden mower, straw, coniferous litter, pine cones, sawdust. All supplies are dried and saved till winter.
Some homeowners of glass or polycarbonate greenhouses use them in winter to retailer chrysanthemums. The bushes are dug up even earlier than the frost, transplanted into the greenhouse, the place they proceed to develop and bloom. After the minus temperature is established (about 5-7 ° C), the stalks of chrysanthemums are minimize within the greenhouse, the bushes are lined with dry mulch and lined with lutrasil. Within the spring, they start to develop quickly and are transferred to the flowerbed already stronger.
Wintering within the flowerbed
Chilly-resistant backyard chrysanthemums within the open floor is not going to endure from frost within the winter, if they’re correctly ready within the fall (with out digging). After the primary frosts, the stems are trimmed to 15 cm (you do not want to the touch the younger shoots). It’s helpful to deal with hemp and soil round with an answer of copper sulfate (10 g per 0.5 l of water) or Bordeaux liquid – this may function a prevention of fungal ailments for the following season. Then the bush barely hills. It will be important that there are not any grooves the place water accumulates.
The second stage is stuffed with dry mulch (in a layer of 40-50 cm). It’s fascinating that the combination comprises inflexible components (cones, needles) that add quantity and supply air flow. Spruce branches or a few layers of overlaying materials might be laid on prime – it should present air change and shield in opposition to precipitation.
Some, after the primary frost breaks the flowers, simply minimize the chrysanthemums within the backyard and canopy them with fir branches. It must be famous that the needles have disinfecting properties, so such a shelter doesn’t provoke a fungal illness.
Saving by cuttings
If chrysanthemums have been bought in late autumn and there’s no strategy to prepare them for wintering in an appropriate room, then you’ll be able to depart flowers within the house. Nevertheless, there isn’t a assure of their security till spring (even with backlight), subsequently, cuttings are used. Potted crops are situated on the windowsill nearer to the window, away from heating. A number of cuttings (3-Four cm lengthy) are plucked from the leaf sinuses. To root them, small cups stuffed with nutritious soil are ready.
The planting approach is easy: a despair is made in the midst of the container, sand is poured into it, moistened, after which the stalk is immersed (about 1 cm). The glass is tied with a plastic bag, however not tight, in order that air flow stays. In such a greenhouse, the stalk of a chrysanthemum normally “sits” for 1-2 months, after which begins rising. As quickly because the roots grow to be seen via the partitions of the container or the primary leaves seem, the shelter is eliminated. Buds might type, however they’re instantly eliminated. A wholesome planting materials might be prepared by spring.
Chrysanthemums impress with their varietal selection, brightness, authentic varieties. However many are afraid to develop them exactly due to the danger of freezing. Luckily, it isn’t troublesome to maintain chrysanthemum bushes till the following season, even within the absence of an appropriate room.