In France, there are around 40,000 cardiac arrests per year. French people are too poorly informed about the various actions to be taken In fact, only 20% of French citizens would be able to practice the first aid gestures necessary if necessary.
What could be worse than being helpless in the face of a life to be saved?
This is why Girodmedical guides you on the actions to adopt in the event of a risky situation.
Learn to save lives
The gestures that save in the event of suffocation
If choking, the person cannot speak, breathe, or cough, but is conscious. We must act, the first seconds are essential.
Start by giving a maximum of 5 slaps in the back (at the level of the two shoulder blades) to the victim so that he coughs in order to unlock the object causing the suffocation. After each slap, check the person’s condition.
If nothing happens after the 5 slaps, you must make abdominal compressions.
Stand behind the victim: the two closed points, exert strong pressure between the navel and the sternum of the victim so that the latter spits out the object in question.
If after that the problem persists, vary between 5 strong pats on the back and 5 abdominal pressures.
If the person loses consciousness, call for help and perform a cardiac massage, starting with 30 chest compressions. Continue resuscitation until firefighters arrive or when breathing returns to normal.
Also pay attention to the risk of suffocation in babies. Indeed, if he has trouble breathing and coughs in an unusual way, he may be choking. Namely, if the child chokes but manages to cough, he is able to spit out the foreign body naturally by coughing. Its airways will be clear.
So what are the first aid gestures for baby ?
If baby is choking, hold him or her along your arm. His head should be down at the level of your hand, his belly along your arm and your feet towards you. It is essential to support his head and neck so as not to hurt him.
Once the child is well positioned, give 5 “slaps” on the back using your palm just between his two shoulder blades. Be careful however to control your strength.
Following this you need to examine the inside of the child’s mouth to remove the foreign body. Be careful not to use force while searching the child’s mouth with your fingers: you may sink the foreign body.
If after this the child is still unable to breathe, hold him firmly against you. Your back should be facing you vertically. Perform 5 chest compressions at the sternum using two fingers. Then press inward and upward, on the sternum (compression “comma”), about a finger width below the imaginary line that connects her nipples.
Inspect the inside of the baby’s mouth after each compression on the sternum to expel the foreign body. Continue the compressions and pat on the back until the arrival of rescue teams.
Life saving gestures in case of discomfort or loss of consciousness
In the event of loss of consciousness, first aid gestures are as follows: it is preferable to check that the individual does not react by speaking to him or by light slaps on the cheeks. If no reaction, start by freeing the airways by clearing the neck of any annoying object (jewelry, scarf, etc.).
Place the victim on his back and turn him to the lateral safety position (PLS) by gently turning him to the side in order to avoid suffocation by vomiting.
Call the emergency services (15 or 18) quickly and remember to check the breathing of the individual regularly while waiting for their arrival.
Saving gestures in the event of cardiac arrest
In the event of cardiac arrest, the victim collapses to the ground. Start by checking that she is no longer breathing or reacting by talking to her: if it is a cardiac arrest, the belly does not move.
3 steps are to be followed in this case: call for help (15 or 18), massage and defibrillate.
To start the chest massage, place the victim on his back, shirtless. Get on your knees near her.
Then place the heel of your hand exclusively at the central level of the victim’s chest, then your second hand above the first. You should push your hands down quickly, arms straight above the ground. Your hands should go down at least 5 cm without going beyond 6 cm.
Finally, release the pressure to decompress the wall and the chest returns to its original size.
Perform this gesture 100 times / minute until the arrival of a defibrillator, in series of 30 consecutive compressions.
The use of a defibrillator makes it possible to launch an electric discharge in the body of the victim in an attempt to restart his heart. To do this, open the defibrillator and follow the voice instructions telling you where to place the pads. Once the device is launched, do not touch the victim and wait for help to arrive.
It is important to act quickly. In fact, the brain suffers very quickly: after 5 minutes of cardiac arrest the brain damage deteriorates until it becomes irreversible and leads to death. Perform a heart massage helps boost blood circulation to the brain and oxygenate brain cells.
Use a defibrillator is learned, you have the opportunity to do so during a life-saving class or a first aid training.
First aid training
PSC1 (Civic prevention and rescue level 1)
The PSC1 is basic first aid training in order to prepare all citizens to know how to react when needed or at risk. Without age limit, it does not require any special knowledge.
During a day from 7 to 8 am, you learn the first aid gestures. Most often on first aid models through different cases and concrete situations that you are likely to face on a daily basis.
The price of the training varies between 40 to 90 euros, depending on the association.
For individuals wishing to learn more, it is possible to take the PSE1.
PSE1 (Level 1 team first aid)
PSE1 (formerly AFCPSAM) is a first aid diploma 35h giving access to the title of first aid, lifeguard, diver, etc. Only condition: it is compulsory to be at least 16 years old. The objective is to improve first aid.
The training consists in studying practical and theoretical cases while learning the first aid gestures according to different situations: hemorrhages, cardiac arrest, drowning, etc.
After obtaining the PSE1 you can take the PSE2 in addition.
Also find all of our advice on how a defibrillator works and how to do a heart massage on our blog.
We hope you enjoyed these tips on first aid. They do not replace real training.
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